Can Landlords Reject Tenants with Housing Vouchers in West Virginia?

There is no explicit law in West Virginia, its major cities, or counties regarding whether landlords can implement a policy of not accepting vouchers or tenants receiving government assistance to pay rent. However, some courts have ruled that doing so violates the Fair Housing Act and similar laws.

Discrimination Against Families and Minorities

Most of the time, landlords are free to deny voucher holders as a rule where there is no direct rule against it. However, a few courts have held that discrimination against voucher recipients (e.g., a “No Voucher” policy) violates anti-discrimination laws (see the Fair Housing Act and the corresponding state law of West Virginia). This is because a majority of voucher recipients are minorities and families and so such a policy has a discriminatory impact on those protected groups. While rare, it’s becoming increasingly common. To be on the safe side, landlords should avoid no voucher bans. See Wikipedia for more details.

Resources

Learn more about Section 8 and the Voucher program here.

Can Landlords Reject Tenants with Housing Vouchers in Wisconsin?

Dane County requires landlords to accept vouchers from tenants, but other localities in Wisconsin do not. Click here for the latest updates.

Voucher Policy

Landlords cannot deny tenants an apartment (or otherwise discriminate against them) based on the fact that their income (or part of their income) comes from government financial assistance programs including Section 8 vouchers. Aside from denying an application, landlords cannot charge voucher holders more, segregate them to a different section of a building than non-voucher holders, or provide them different services or amenities from non-Section 8 tenants. Wis. Stat. 106.50 , Wis. Stat. Sec. 106.50 .

Enforcement and Reporting Problems

Enforcement is handled by the local government of Dane County. Tenants should report problems and see details with that locality’s law. The localities that offer such protections are changes quickly, so please check the latest information. Secondary sources like Wikipedia and the Affordable Housing Online do a good job of keeping updated records on the status of the policy across the US.

Can Landlords Reject Tenants with Housing Vouchers in Wyoming?

There is no explicit law in Wyoming, its major cities, or counties regarding whether landlords can implement a policy of not accepting vouchers or tenants receiving government assistance to pay rent. However, some courts have ruled that doing so violates the Fair Housing Act and similar laws.

Discrimination Against Families and Minorities

Most of the time, landlords are free to deny voucher holders as a rule where there is no direct rule against it. However, a few courts have held that discrimination against voucher recipients (e.g., a “No Voucher” policy) violates anti-discrimination laws (see the Fair Housing Act and the corresponding state law of Wyoming). This is because a majority of voucher recipients are minorities and families and so such a policy has a discriminatory impact on those protected groups. While rare, it’s becoming increasingly common. To be on the safe side, landlords should avoid no voucher bans. See Wikipedia for more details.

Resources

Learn more about Section 8 and the Voucher program here.

Can Landlords Reject Tenants with Housing Vouchers in Virginia?

There is no explicit law in Virginia, its major cities, or counties regarding whether landlords can implement a policy of not accepting vouchers or tenants receiving government assistance to pay rent. However, some courts have ruled that doing so violates the Fair Housing Act and similar laws.

Discrimination Against Families and Minorities

Most of the time, landlords are free to deny voucher holders as a rule where there is no direct rule against it. However, a few courts have held that discrimination against voucher recipients (e.g., a “No Voucher” policy) violates anti-discrimination laws (see the Fair Housing Act and the corresponding state law of Virginia). This is because a majority of voucher recipients are minorities and families and so such a policy has a discriminatory impact on those protected groups. While rare, it’s becoming increasingly common. To be on the safe side, landlords should avoid no voucher bans. See Wikipedia for more details.

Resources

Learn more about Section 8 and the Voucher program here.

Can Landlords Reject Tenants with Housing Vouchers in Washington?

Certain localities in Washington require landlords to accept vouchers from tenants, specifically Seattle, King County, Bellevue, Kirkland, Redmond, Tumwater, Vancounver, and Madison. Other localities in Washington do not have such protections at the time of writing. Click here for the latest updates.

Voucher Policy

Landlords cannot deny tenants an apartment (or otherwise discriminate against them) based on the fact that their income (or part of their income) comes from government financial assistance programs including Section 8 vouchers. Aside from denying an application, landlords cannot charge voucher holders more, segregate them to a different section of a building than non-voucher holders, or provide them different services or amenities from non-Section 8 tenants. Wash. Rev. Code 49.60.210 , Wash. Rev. Code 49.60.222 , Wash. Rev. Code Sec. 49.60.222 .

Enforcement and Reporting Problems

Enforcement is handled by the local governments of Seattle, King County, Bellevue, Kirkland, Redmond, Tumwater, Vancounver, and Madison. Tenants should report problems and see details with their locality’s law. The localities that offer such protections are changes quickly, so please check the latest information. Secondary sources like Wikipedia and the Affordable Housing Online do a good job of keeping updated records on the status of the policy across the US.

Can Landlords Reject Tenants with Housing Vouchers in Texas?

Landlords in Texas are free to turn down tenants who hold housing vouchers or otherwise receive government assistance to pay rent. There is a law in this state that specifically allows landlords to do so.

Denying Voucher Holders

Texas state law allows landlords to turn tenants because they hold vouchers or rely on Section 8 for some or all of their payment to the landlord. State law prohibits cities and counties from enacting laws in contradiction to this policy. Therefore, landlords are free to advertise or otherwise set a “No Vouchers Allowed” policy.

Can Landlords Reject Tenants with Housing Vouchers in Utah?

In Utah, landlords are forbidden from denying tenants solely because they are recipients of housing vouchers or other government assistance programs. To deny a tenant, a landlord must have a legally valid basis for the denial aside from their source of income.

Illegal Voucher Policy

Because it’s illegal under Utah law to deny a tenant because their income (or a portion of their income) comes from government assistance, landlords should avoid implementing any “No Voucher”, “No Section 8”, or “No LIHTC” policies. This may also cover tenants on welfare or social security. Aside from denying an application, landlords cannot charge voucher holders more, segregate them to a different section of a building than non-voucher holders, or provide them with different services or amenities from non-Section 8 tenants. Landlords are free to deny tenants for other reasons that don’t violate discrimination laws, such as being a direct threat to another tenant in the building. Utah Code 57-21-7 , Utah Code Sec.57-21-5 .

Valid Reasons for Denying Applicant

Landlords are allowed to deny a tenant for reasons other than their source of income, so long as it doesn’t violate Utah’s or the federal government’s discrimination laws. This state protects tenants from discrimination based on their:

  • Race
  • Color
  • Sex
  • Familial status
  • National origin
  • Disability
  • Religion
  • Ancestry
  • Sexual orientation
  • Gender identity
  • Source of income
  • Pregnancy

Exemptions for Second Homes

Utah includes an exception intended for landlords who are renting out their second homes. The law is intended to reduce the compliance burden for such non-professional landlords. Specifically, landlords who rent fewer than 4 single-family houses do not have to abide by most of the discrimination laws.

Such exemptions do not typically apply to discriminatory advertising (e.g., “Only accepting tenants over 40”) or where the landlord uses a professional property manager.

Utah Code 57-21-3 .

Exception for Landlord-Occupied Homes

Utah has an exception called the “Murphy Rule”, which is intended to allow landlords to rent out extra rooms in their home without a large compliance burden. If the apartment is in the landlord’s own residence, then the landlord is free to discriminate regarding whom they rent to. This exception only applies to smaller homes, specifically where the house or building has four or fewer apartment units.

This exemption does not typically apply to advertising (e.g., “Only accepting white tenants”) or where the landlord uses a professional property manager or other real estate professional. Some states may have additional see restrictions. See state law for more details.

Utah Code 57-21-3 .

Enforcement

What happens when a tenant reports a problem to the authorities of Utah or a local government? They may ask the tenant for information to help bring the case, including any evidence (e.g., emails and pictures). If the government finds there’s sufficient information between the tenant’s complaint (as well as complaints from other tenants), the landlord may be charged and taken to court to defend themselves. Landlords will likely receive fines if they lose. The amount of the fines will be determined in part by the severity of the issue. Fines increase significantly for repeat offenders. Utah Code Sec. 57-21-11 . Utah Code Sec. 57-21-11 .

Can Landlords Reject Tenants with Housing Vouchers in Vermont?

In Vermont, landlords are forbidden from denying tenants solely because they are recipients of housing vouchers or other government assistance programs. To deny a tenant, a landlord must have a legally valid basis for the denial aside from their source of income.

Illegal Voucher Policy

Because it’s illegal under Vermont law to deny a tenant because their income (or a portion of their income) comes from government assistance, landlords should avoid implementing any “No Voucher”, “No Section 8”, or “No LIHTC” policies. This may also cover tenants on welfare or social security. Aside from denying an application, landlords cannot charge voucher holders more, segregate them to a different section of a building than non-voucher holders, or provide them with different services or amenities from non-Section 8 tenants. Landlords are free to deny tenants for other reasons that don’t violate discrimination laws, such as being a direct threat to another tenant in the building. Vt. Stat. tit. 9, 4503 , Vt. Stat. tit. 9, 4506 , Vt. Stat. tit. 9, Sec. 4503 .

Valid Reasons for Denying Applicant

Landlords are allowed to deny a tenant for reasons other than their source of income, so long as it doesn’t violate Vermont’s or the federal government’s discrimination laws. This state protects tenants from discrimination based on their:

  • Race
  • Color
  • Sex
  • Familial status
  • National origin
  • Disability
  • Religion
  • Age
  • Sexual orientation
  • Gender identity
  • Marital status
  • Source of income

Exception for Landlord-Occupied Homes

Vermont has an exception called the “Murphy Rule”, which is intended to allow landlords to rent out extra rooms in their home without a large compliance burden. If the apartment is in the landlord’s own residence, then the landlord is free to discriminate regarding whom they rent to. This exception only applies to smaller homes, specifically where the house or building has four or fewer apartment units.

This exemption does not typically apply to advertising (e.g., “Only accepting white tenants”) or where the landlord uses a professional property manager or other real estate professional. Some states may have additional see restrictions. See state law for more details.

Vt. Stat. tit. 9, 4503 , Vt. Stat. tit. 9, 4504 .

Enforcement

What happens when a tenant reports a problem to the authorities of Vermont or a local government? They may ask the tenant for information to help bring the case, including any evidence (e.g., emails and pictures). If the government finds there’s sufficient information between the tenant’s complaint (as well as complaints from other tenants), the landlord may be charged and taken to court to defend themselves. Landlords will likely receive fines if they lose. The amount of the fines will be determined in part by the severity of the issue. Fines increase significantly for repeat offenders. Vt. Stat. tit. 9, Sec. 4507 . Vt. Stat. tit. 9, Sec. 4507 .

Can Landlords Reject Tenants with Housing Vouchers in South Dakota?

There is no explicit law in South Dakota, its major cities, or counties regarding whether landlords can implement a policy of not accepting vouchers or tenants receiving government assistance to pay rent. However, some courts have ruled that doing so violates the Fair Housing Act and similar laws.

Discrimination Against Families and Minorities

Most of the time, landlords are free to deny voucher holders as a rule where there is no direct rule against it. However, a few courts have held that discrimination against voucher recipients (e.g., a “No Voucher” policy) violates anti-discrimination laws (see the Fair Housing Act and the corresponding state law of South Dakota). This is because a majority of voucher recipients are minorities and families and so such a policy has a discriminatory impact on those protected groups. While rare, it’s becoming increasingly common. To be on the safe side, landlords should avoid no voucher bans. See Wikipedia for more details.

Resources

Learn more about Section 8 and the Voucher program here.

Can Landlords Reject Tenants with Housing Vouchers in Tennessee?

Memphis requires landlords to accept vouchers from tenants, but other localities in Tennessee do not. Click here for the latest updates.

Voucher Policy

Landlords cannot deny tenants an apartment (or otherwise discriminate against them) based on the fact that their income (or part of their income) comes from government financial assistance programs including Section 8 vouchers. Aside from denying an application, landlords cannot charge voucher holders more, segregate them to a different section of a building than non-voucher holders, or provide them different services or amenities from non-Section 8 tenants. Tenn. Code 4-21-301 , Tenn. Code 4-21-601 .

Enforcement and Reporting Problems

Enforcement is handled by the local government of Memphis. Tenants should report problems and see details with that locality’s law. The localities that offer such protections are changes quickly, so please check the latest information. Secondary sources like Wikipedia and the Affordable Housing Online do a good job of keeping updated records on the status of the policy across the US.